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托福閱讀考前點睛系列四:句子插入題

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  在新托福考試當中,閱讀是第一個部分,一共會考到3篇或者4篇文章,每篇文章700-800字左右,每篇文章之后會有13-14個題目。很多同 學面對這樣托福閱讀文章,感覺無從下手,甚至有時即使看懂了文章,題目也無法選對,那么應該如何應對這種情況呢?在這個系列中,給大家就托福閱讀的具體解 題技巧進行剖析講解,作為考前沖刺,給大家考試助力,點睛指導!

  本期主要介紹新托福考試新題型之句子插入題

  IV 句子插入題 Insert Text questions

  █Most investigators concur that certain facial expressions suggest the same emotions in all people. █Moreover, people in diverse cultures recognize the emotions manifested by the facial expressions. █In classic research Paul Ekman took photographs of people exhibiting the emotions of anger, disgust, fear, happiness, and sadness. █He then asked people around the world to indicate what emotions were being depicted in them.

  12. Look at the four squares █ that indicate where the following sentence could be added to the passage.

  This universality in the recognition of emotions was demonstrated by using rather simple methods.

  Where would the sentence best fit?

  Click on a square [■] to add the sentence to the passage.

  解題思路:

  Insert Text question。該題型要求考生將一句話插入到原文四個黑色空格的其中一個當中,使得段落看起來更通順。首先可以從這個單獨的句子中找到暗示點,例如, 本題待插入句子為:This universality in the recognition of emotions was demonstrated by using rather simple methods. 主語部分為:這個對于感情的認知的普遍性。如果待插入句子中出現代詞,則代詞所指內容應當在該句之前出現,結合這道題目,在這個句子應當插入的空之前必 有:對于感情認知的普遍性。這道題目選擇第三個黑色方框,其之前的句子為:

  Moreover, people in diverse cultures recognize the emotions manifested by the facial expressions. 意思是:另外,來自不同文化背景的人能夠通過面部表情的識別來判斷對方的情緒。來自不同文化背景的人都可以判斷出來,這里暗示了universality 普遍性。同時,放在第三個空也可以對應后面的內容。待插入句子說到“demonstrated by using rather simple methods”:可以用簡單的方式證明,對應第三個空后方的句子:In classic research Paul Ekman took photographs(在經典的研究項目當中)。

  再來看一道題目,

  Sigmund Freud, for example, believed that aggressive impulses are inevitable reactions to the frustrations of daily life. Children normally desire to vent aggressive impulses on other people, including their parents, because even the most attentive parents cannot gratify all of their demands immediately. ■Yet children, also fearing their parents’ punishment and the loss of parental love, come to repress most aggressive impulses. ■The Freudian perspective, in a sense: sees us as "steam engines." ■By holding in rather than venting "steam," we set the stage for future explosions. ■Pent-up aggressive impulses demand outlets. They may be expressed toward parents in indirect ways such as destroying furniture, or they may be expressed toward strangers later in life.

  11. Look at the four squares [■] that indicate where the following sentence can be added to the passage.

  According to Freud, however, impulses that have been repressed continue to exist and demand expression.

  Where would the sentence best fit?

  Click on a square [■] to add the sentence to the passage.

  首先我們來看待插入句子:According to Freud, however, impulses that have been repressed continue to exist and demand expression. 本句的前半句說道,According to Freud,(根據弗洛伊德的理論);后半句:impulses that have been repressed continue to exist and demand expression.被壓抑的沖動會持續存在并且需要表達。這個句子是一句概括性的陳述,一般概括性陳述的后方需要有具體的細節句子來提供支持解釋。所 以這道題目選擇第二個空。第二空格之后緊跟:The Freudian perspective, in a sense: sees us as "steam engines."(從某種意義上講,弗洛伊德的觀點是將人類看做“蒸汽機”)。這里既可以對應Freud,又有具體的細節交代,說持續存在的沖動,就好 比蒸汽機,這里的steam engines是解釋他觀點的具體細節。

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